Risk Privatization: COVID-19 and The Urgency of Health Reform in Indonesia

  • Wednesday, 06 January 2021 02:18
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Paper ini diterbitkan pada jurnal ilmiah Raffles University Iskandar, Johor, Malaysia . Vol 4 Issue 2 (2021)

https://ruijass.com/risk-privatization-covid-19-and-the-urgency-of-health-reform-in-indonesia/

Author : Arie Sujito - Gadjah Mada University; Yanu Prasetyo - Indonesian Institute of Sciences; Sugeng Bahagijo - INFID; Bona Tua Parlinggomon P. - INFID; Denisa Amelia Kawuryan - INFID

Abstrak: Dalam dua puluh tahun terakhir setelah reformasi politik, pelayanan kesehatan di Indonesia masih sangat bergantung pada daya beli masyarakat. Akibatnya, sistem kesehatan dan kesehatan warga menjadi tidak siap menghadapi pandemi COVID-19, karena sistemnya tersendat-sendat dan kekurangan dana. Studi ini mengkaji bagaimana biaya ekonomi dan sosial dari pandemi COVID-19 dialihkan dari pemerintah Indonesia ke warga negara Indonesia yang terkena dampak. Artikel ini memberikan ulasan terkini tentang penanganan COVID-19 dan menekankan pentingnya reformasi kesehatan di Indonesia. Dalam membahas pergeseran risiko ini, penelitian kami meningkatkan kekhawatiran tentang privatisasi risiko setelah pandemi. Dalam kajian ini, data dan informasi disusun dan diperoleh dari berbagai sumber, yaitu tinjauan pustaka, analisis media massa, dan analisis dokumen yang berfokus pada privatisasi risiko, sosiologi kesehatan, dan politik kesehatan di Indonesia. Kata Kunci : COVID-19; Reformasi Kesehatan; Indonesia; Privatisasi Risiko; Pembatasan Sosial

Abstract : In the last twenty years after the political reform, health services in Indonesia have still been heavily reliant on the citizens' purchasing power. As a result, the health system and citizens' health have become unprepared in the face of the COVID-19 pandemic, as the system is stuttering and underfunded. This study examines how the economic and social costs of the COVID-19 pandemic are being shifted from the Indonesian government to the affected Indonesian citizens. This article provides a current review of the handling of COVID-19and emphasizes the importance of health reform in Indonesia. In discussing these risk shifts, our study raises concerns about the privatization of risk in the wake of pandemics. In this study, data and information were prepared and obtained from various sources, namely, literature review, mass media analysis, and documents' analysis focusing on risk privatization, health sociology, and health politics in Indonesia. Key words: COVID-19; Health Reform; Indonesia; Risk Privatization; Social Restrictions