The Degree Of Radicalism In Campus Mosques In 10 State Universities In Indonesia



Introduction Despite many assuming that radicalism in universities is far from real, the potential is undeniably imminent. This was brought to attention by the Minister of Research, Technology and Higher Education, Mohamad Nasir. The National Counterterrorism Agency (BNPT) also released the names of seven state universities in Indonesia considered to be exposed to radical ideologies.

The process of radicalisation is believed to have long festered within state universities but has only recently metastasized into a worrying situation just as the internet and social media become increasingly pervasive. To a certain degree, this will further inflame radical tendencies on campuses. Tempo magazine in its May 27th 2018 edition has even declared the situation in state universities an ‘emergency’. To find out what the actual situation is, a research to specifically determine the extent of radicalism in state universities is necessary in order to know how far these institutions have been radicalised and identify the degree of radicalism. This will help policymakers develop the appropriate policies, programs, activities and actions to tackle the situation. In view of this, proper research is needed to determine the degree of radicalism in state universities

In response to this, INFID has launched a study to identify the degree of radicalism in campus mosques in ten state universities in six provinces across Indonesia. The study adopts a qualitative research method to gain insights into the degree of radicalism in campus mosques, and its impact on individuals exposed to radical beliefs.

The research was conducted following the issuance of Perppu Ormas or Government Regulation in Lieu of Law No. 2/2017 on Societal Organizations. Data was collected from May 2018 to August 2019. Over the course of the research, university administrators have taken considerable measures to prevent radicalism, including the dissolution of student organisations affiliated with proscribed entities, replacement of mosque and student residence hall administrators, and keeping a close watch on campus mosques and student organizational activities. Given the situation, the study seeks to probe deeper into the radical tendencies of campuses, and broaden the scope to include the university’s surrounding areas.